Sir Isaac Newton's Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy and His System of the World

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University of California Press, 01.01.1962 - 680 Seiten
This is an OCR edition without illustrations or index. It may have numerous typos or missing text. However, purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original rare book from GeneralBooksClub.com. You can also preview excerpts from the book there. Purchasers are also entitled to a free trial membership in the General Books Club where they can select from more than a million books without charge. Volume: 2; Original Published by: printed for Benjamin Motte in 1729 in 546 pages; Subjects: Mathematics / General; Science / Astronomy; Science / Mechanics / General; Science / Optics; Science / Physics;
 

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Inhalt

Definitions i
5
Axioms or Laws of Motion
13
mnM BOOK I THE MOTION OF BODIES
29
Determination of centripetal forces
40
Determination of motions in given orbits
109
Rectilinear ascent and descent of bodies
117
Determination of orbits in which bodies will revolve being
128
Motion of bodies tending to each other with centripetal forces
164
SECTION IN MSISTING MEDIUMS pAG
235
Motion of fluids and the resistance made to projected bodies
327
Motion propagated through fluids
367
THE SYSTEM OF THE WORLD
397
Propositions
406
Motion of the moons nodes
464
General scholium
543
System of the world
549

Attractive forces of spherical bodies
193
Attractive forces of bodies which are not spherical
214
Motion of very small bodies when agitated by centripetal forces
226
Notes historical and explanatory prepared by the reviser
627
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Über den Autor (1962)

Born at Woolsthorpe, England, Sir Isaac Newton was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge University, where he graduated in 1665. During the plague of 1666, he remained at Woolsthorpe, during which time he formulated his theory of fluxions (the infinitesimal calculus) and the main outlines of his theories of mechanics, astronomy, and optics, including the theory of universal gravitation. The results of his researches were not circulated until 1669, but when he returned to Trinity in 1667, he was immediately appointed to succeed his teacher as professor of mathematics. His greatest work, the Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, was published in 1687 to immediate and universal acclaim. Newton was elected to Parliament in 1689. In 1699, he was appointed head of the royal mint, and four years later he was elected president of the Royal Society; both positions he held until his death. In later life, Newton devoted his main intellectual energies to theological speculation and alchemical experiments. In April 1705, Queen Anne knighted Newton during a royal visit to Trinity College, Cambridge. He was only the second scientist to have been awarded knighthood. Newton died in his sleep in London on March 31, 1727, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. Because of his scientific nature, Newton's religious beliefs were never wholly known. His study of the laws of motion and universal gravitation became his best-known discoveries, but after much examination he admitted that, "Gravity explains the motions of the planets, but it cannot explain who set the planets in motion. God governs all things and knows all that is or can be done.

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